The Allegory of the Cave – A Warning Against Political and Ideological Bigotry

Plato’s allegory of the cave (from Republic) is probably the best known simile for truth-seeking. It’s based on a talk between Socrates and Plato’s older brother Glaucon. However, as much as it describes epistemology, it is metaphorically concerned with political corruption and ideological bigotry as well. Plato’s allegory begins as follows: Socrates is likening the “prisoners” […]

Nathan der Aufgeklärte

G. E. Lessing schrieb Nathan der Weise im Jahre 1779, ein Theaterstück bestehend sowohl aus dramatischen als auch komödischen Elementen. Die Geschichte spielt im Jerusalem des 12. Jahrhunderts, in einer Zeit also, welche von Glaubenskriegen und militärischer Konfrontation zwischen Christentum und Islam geprägt war. So handelt auch Lessings Werk von Religion und den Glauben an […]

Why Liberals Should Be More Optimistic

Optimists think that the course of events will be positive, for them personally or for society in general. Realists, on the other hand, think that the course of events might turn out to be positive; they concede, however, that they can’t really know since reality consists of complex phenomena. Optimism and realism are sometimes used […]